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  • TCS Campus Gate Placement Question papers with answers 2017

    tcs campus gate

    Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) is India’s leading IT outsourcing and service firm. Every person who is aspiring to work in IT field would like to join this reputed company, not only because it is the top but also life in this company is always dynamic, exciting, and amazing.

    Recently the online TCS campus gate exam pattern has been changed and the latest one will be discussed in details. For TCS exam, the syllabus is almost similar to other IT companies like Cognizant, Infosys etc.

    TCS conducts various off-campus exams across India all the year round for the aspiring candidates.  Never imagined if you could successfully clear one of the rounds and you will succeed in the rest of the rounds? Consider every round seriously as you will be eliminated if you fail in any of those rounds. So, you should be prepared and work hard to appear for online TCS round.

    TCS hires engineers from different parts of India two times a year by conducting an off-campus drive for freshers. It is not easy to clear off-campus drive. So, you need some tricks, tips, and some knowledge to crack the exam. Thousands of students appear for this exam with TCS placement papers.

    Tata Consultancy Services is the leading IT player and has over 335,620 employees, as of August 2015. Most of the fresher engineering students need to be placed in this recognized organization. After interviewing several successful TCS exam pass outs, we have listed the tips to prepare for TCS off-campus exam.

    Read: Cabin Crew Interview question and answers

    Tips to Prepare for TCS Campus Gate Recruitment Drive

    • First of all, solve and study TCS aptitude question papers by R.S. Agrawal properly which is enough to crack TCS Off-Campus exam.
    • Apart from Quantitative Aptitude, you should study verbal/non-verbal reasoning and logical reasoning. You need books from Disha, Arihant or any other publication.
    • When you have solved Quantitative Aptitude by R S Agrawal, it’s time to solve Quantitative Aptitude for CAT by Arun Sharma which is a complete package of TCS previous papers with solutions.
    • Try to learn Tips and Tricks, shortcuts to solve the problem with TCS off campus placement papers as you have a limited time.
    • Visit the websites where you can learn with experience from the students and share the questions from the top websites to prepare with TCS written test papers.
    • For TCS email writing, you have to check some of the solved examples and do simple practice which will be shared on a link below. Email writing is the first aspect of TCS recruitment test to get the placement and it is super easy. To write an email, you will get 10 minutes. You will get some keywords to use email. Be sure to use all the keywords in an email. Also, make your email professional as per the needs and write an email with good vocabulary without any error.
    • In TCS placement papers with solutions, some questions are repeated that are found in the websites.
    • Before starting your TCS exam online, be sure to have the computer for you. If you don’t have a good computer system, you may not be qualified as you may face several issues.
    • One month is enough to prepare for the exam if you are doing it with total dedication.
    • Visit some online YouTube tutorials to solve the problems.
    • Once you clear the TCS off-campus recruitment exam, you will find more opportunities for TCS. The process of interview is totally scripted if you have average or good communication skill as the question is very simple to answer in technical round. Just be confident and say what you know.

    Number of Rounds in Selection process

    • Online Exam (Analytical and Verbal Ability)
    • HR Round
    • Technical Rounds

    According to the number of candidates appearing for the test, rounds may vary –

    Online Exam (Verbal and Analytical Ability)

    Total duration is 90 minutes – 10 minutes for one question for verbal ability and rests 80 minutes for 30 questions in analytical ability.

    Tip – Clear the instructions always as the rule is subject to change and it may add new restriction. So, get a quick look.

    Verbal Ability

    It includes email writing for up to 50 words. It won’t be evaluated if you don’t write up to 50 words. So, you should write up to 70 to 80 words and use outline words. It is not easy to crack verbal ability as the computer program will check your grammar, spelling, and vocabulary. So, it is better if you write emails in according to the outline phrases.


    You will be disqualified if your accuracy is below 65 to 75 percent. So, it is important to have an accuracy of up to 80%.

    Analytical Ability

    This section includes 30 questions and time required is 80 minutes. Few questions have higher marks from the rest. For each wrong answer, it has minus marking of 1/3. So, don’t attempt the question which is not clear. In this section, you can look for any question. In analytical ability, here are the topics covered –

    • Time and Work
    • Number problems
    • Logical question
    • Fraction
    • Probability
    • Percentage
    • Combination and permutation
    • Profit and loss
    • LCM/HCF
    • Time, Speed, Distance
    • Mensuration and Geometry
    • Age problems
    • Puzzles

    Technical Round

    In this round, most of the questions are asked from the academics, about projects, details on your technical skills and communication skills. Here are some of the technical questions –

    • Tell me about yourself
    • Basic programming questions like database connection, find prime number etc.
    • SQL and Database concepts like difference between DBMS and RDBMS and normalization
    • Data structures, software developments etc.
    • How you have contributed in project?

    HR Round

    HR usually makes discussions about relocation and checks your communication skills. Here are some of the frequently asked questions –

    • Tell me about yourself
    • Why you applied for the job?
    • Are you ready to relocate?
    • Are you comfortable to work late night hours?
    • Where do you expect to see yourself in the next 5 years?

    If you are reading TCS latest placement papers and writing exams within few weeks to come, we wish you all the best for your exam. Keep in mind that there is no shortcut to success. It comes only to those who work hard.

    Why Join TCS?

    Tata Consultancy Services is the largest software services company in India which is expected to make 25000 offers for campus placement with salary packages starting from Rs. 3 Lakh. When it comes to campus selection or trainee hiring, they start from the seventh semester onwards and they will be offering job to 25000 students. Students are expected to come on board by July. When it comes to this year, they initially started with 45000 as total hiring covers trainees and they revised and declared that they will do 5000 more. In total, they will do 50000. Hiring target is 50000 this year and they are much on track when this number goes and they will do the review again.

    As off-campus would be for freshers, the environment these days are visiting several campuses which have come down and offers are not so many. For trainees, the starting range would be from Rs. 3.15 Lakh to Rs. 3.25 lakh per annum.

    Placement Interview

    If a candidate passes the Psychometric test, he has to appear in the technical interview. In the technical round, candidates will have to face several questions from any subjects they have learned to date. The interviewers will also ask the questions from the project that a candidate has undergone. Next step is HR interview, you will have to describe yourself, why you want to join TCS and academic backgrounds. They will also ask questions related to hobbies as well as related questions.

    Tips for TCS Placement test preparation

    Written test will include the very general question. In the selection process, it is easiest of all. Candidates will want to refer to various aptitude books for competitive exams. The Psychometric test will include 150 questions to be answered in 30 minutes. When it comes to answering these questions, you have to be very honest. In this test, the basic nature of a student is evaluated.

    Tips for TCS Placement Interview

    If candidates go through such tests, next step is scoring well in the interview. Candidates should prepare in advance for it. They will face several technical questions. So, candidates should be prepared to answer such questions. Candidates should appear confident to answer to the judging panel. Ask some questions which will show that you are interested to the company if candidates have chance to ask the question. Finally, candidates will want to undergo HR round. Candidates should be prepared in role models, self-introductions, weaknesses and strengths etc.


    We hope these tips will be helpful to clear the TCS recruitment exam. If you have some experience in the interview, share with us in the comment section, no matter whether you were selected.


  • TN Forest Department Recruitment, Cut off & Application procedure 2017

    tn forest recruitment 2017

    Established by Dr. Hugh Francis Cleghorn (the founder of scientific forestry in India) as Madras Forest Department in 1855, the Tamil Nadu Forest Department is responsible for managing all the forests and conserved areas plus wildlife and environmental problems in the state of Tamil Nadu. The Tamil Nadu Forest Department is aimed to conserve ecosystem and biodiversity of wildlife and forest areas to ensure food and water security in the state.

    The TN Forest Department is headed by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF). The 5 Additional Principal Chief Conservators of Forests, Chief Wildlife Warden, and 8 Chief Conservators of Forests are operating under the PCCF headquartered at Panagal Maaligai, Saidapet, Chennai. The Deputy Conservator of Forests and Conservators of Forests assist all the Chief Conservators of Forests with all the specialized and regional responsibilities.

    Under the Assistant Conservator of Forests, all the TN Forest Department officials are the graduates of Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy and Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration and the members of Indian Forest Services, allowed to use the IFS status after their name. The department currently has 9188 employees.

    TN Forest Department Recruitment 2017

    Tamil Nadu Forest Department has invited applications to fill various vacant positions of Forester (TAFCORN and TNFD), Forest Guard, and Field Assistant. Interested candidates who are eligible for these posts can buy TN Forest Department Recruitment application form from the nearest post office in Tamil Nadu and submit the duly filled, self-attested form to the given address before the due date. For more details, candidates can visit the official portal

    Candidates can get all the important information about the vacancies, posts, age limit, pay scale, eligibility and application form from the official site. The Tamil Nadu Forest Department Recruitment 2017 notification has been released for several vacant seats and created a workforce to manage all the workload. Candidates should check the detailed notification before applying at Tamil Nadu Forest Recruitment 2017.

    Tamil Nadu Forest Department 2017 Recruitment – TN Forest Vacancies Application Form

    Candidates can purchase application form from the nearest post offices in Tamil Nadu. Currently, candidates have to fill the application form with the information required and it should be filled accurately. Now paste your latest passport size photograph in the given space and sign at the end of the form. Now affix your latest passport sized photograph on the application form and send it to the following address –

    Chief Post Master Anna Road HO

    Chennai – 600002, India 

    Tamil Nadu Forest Department Recruitment Details

    Organization Tamil Nadu Forest Department
    Name of Examination Tamil Nadu JDO Exam 2017
    Name of Post Jr. Draughtsman
    Number of Posts 15
    Starting Date June 10, 2017
    Last DateJune 20, 2017
    Location Tamil Nadu
    Category Notification/Recruitment
    Official Website

    Eligibility Criteria


    Candidates should have Engineering degree from Civil or Mechanical stream from any institute or university affiliated by the University Grants Commission for its grant and hold the Diploma in Engineering (Mechanical or Civil) of College of Engineering, Guindy or passed in Sections A/B of A.M.I.E. (IND) exam in the given subjects with practical knowledge in General Engineering for the period of up to 1 year.

    Strengths and properties of materials of Theory of structures and elementary structure (Papers A and B) under Section A – Hydraulics/Hydraulics Machinery, Sanitary, or Geology Engineering exams (f), (m), and (i) under section (b) or have obtained L.C.E. diploma under Technological Diploma Examination Board.


    • Must have the Certificate issued by the College of Engineering, Guindy on completion of course dedicated to the post of Lower Subordinates for Draughtsman.
    • Practical knowledge as an Assistant Draughtsman for 2 years.


    Diploma of Draughtsman (Civil) from the National Council for Vocational Training, Government of India

    The candidates having the diploma will be appointed only when the candidates having L.C.E. Diploma have not applied.


    Age Limit (As on July 1, 2016)

    Age limit of candidates should be between 18 to 30 years (for OC candidates), 18 to 32 years (for BC/MBC candidates), 18 to 35 years (for SC/ST/SCA candidates). Relaxation for candidates in upper age limit will be according to government rules. So, you are requested to check the official Tamil Nadu Forest Department Notification 2017 for more details.


    Pay Scale

    Selected candidates will get the pay scale according to the post for which they will be shortlisted as an authority of Tamil Nadu Forest Department. They will get the best salary package ranging from Rs. 9300 to Rs. 34,800 with Grade Pay Rs. 4200.


    Application Fee

    Candidates are required to pay Rs. 60 as application fee and Rs. 260 as examination fee through Post.


    Selection Process

    The candidates will be selected based on the marks obtained in the Physical Test, Written Test, Personal Interview, and Medical Test.


    Job Result

    The Tamil Nadu Forest Department job results will be announced on the official portal So, desired candidates can see results on the official website.


    How to Apply?

    • Visit the official website of TN Forest Department –
    • Search for the official advertisement to apply for the JDO posts in TN Forest Department.
    • Read all the instructions carefully along with terms and conditions listed on its notification properly
    • Check the eligibility criteria and fulfill all of them listed in the official notification.
    • If a candidate has eligibility for the forest jobs, they can apply for the posts.
    • Attach scanned documents as well as certificate copies and submit the same with the application from before the last date.
    • Send the duly filled application form to the following postal address –

    Forest Officer,

    Chennai Forest Park,

    3rd Floor, TMS Campus,

    Chennai – 600 006


    You can send application form by Speed Post or Registered Post by 20 June 2017 with envelope superscribed by “Application for the Post of…..”


    Tentative Dates for Tamil Nadu Forest Department Jr. Draughtsman Officer 2017 Recruitment –

    • Starting Date – 1 June 2017
    • Last Date for submission – 20 June 2017


    Download TN Forest Department Recruitment 2017 Application Form PDF


    Download Application Form DOC Here


  • CMWSSB recruitment 2017 application, vacancies & payment procedure

    cmwssb recruitment

    Till the mid of 19th century, Chennai residents were used to take water from tanks and local shallow wells. A civil engineer, Mr. Fraser sent a proposal to the state government to provide water supply from the Kortalayar River located around 160 km northwest of Chennai and the proposal was accepted.

    The project included a masonry weir across the river at Tamarapakkam and diverted the water into Cholavaram Lake and, then into the Red Hills Lake from the channel.

    The project was finished at around Rs. 18.50 Lakhs in 1870. At Red Hills, a Valve House and a supply channel were built in 1872 to provide water supply to Chennai through gravitation. At the end of the city, the channel supplied water into the masonry shaft by gravity at Kilpauk where the cast iron mains branched off in the city and designed water supply distribution system scientifically.

    In 1978, Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) was established under the Corporation of Chennai. It is a public sector company responsible for the development of covered underground masonry conduit from Jones intake tower to Kilpauk. At Kilpauk Water Works, it has constructed 14 slow sand filters and 3 pure water masonry tanks.

    The organization has installed 3 heavy-duty steam engines and laid the foundation of 48” steel pumping from Kilpauk to the shaft where mains are starting. It also ensures proper water supply under ideal pressure with altering, remodeling, and extending the distribution system.

    CMWSSB Recruitment 2017

    cmwssb recruitment

    Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board (CMWSSB) is a public sector company operating under the corporation of Chennai. Established in 1978, CMWSSB is headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board is responsible for sewage treatment, water supply, and desalination in the city of Chennai and outskirts.

    CMWSSB Chennai or Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board is a government agency which has released recruitment invitation in its official website and accepting job applications from the aspirants through online mode.

    ALERT – Recruitment Date Extended!

    CMWSSB Recruitment 2017 last date has been extended for Chennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board examination for 322 posts. Now candidates can apply for the desired post before April 5, 2017 (5.45 pm). Aspired candidates are requested to go through the recruitment notification before submitting their application form.

    Keep in mind that applications are accepted from open candidates who are registered/not recommended by Employment office. Recruitment is available for the posts of Senior Accounts Officer, Deputy Controller of Finance, Junior Assistant, and Assistant Engineer (Civil/Mechanical & Electrical). Candidates should keep in mind that applications can be submitted by April 5, 2017. Here are the details regarding recruitment.

    All the government job seekers should check the following important information, such as PayScale, CMWSSB bill status, Education Qualification, Age Limit, No. of Vacancies, Last Date, Selection Procedure, Application Procedure, and tips to apply for Junior Assistant, Assistant Engineer, and various jobs in CMWSSB. You are requested to check all the details in official notification before you submit your CMWSSB Recruitment application online.

    CMWSSB Chennai Metro Water Recruitment 2017 Notification Details

    Organization NameChennai Metropolitan Water Supply & Sewerage Board (CMWSSB)
    PostsAssistant Engineer, Jr. Assistant and others
    Academic CA/ICWA/B. Tech/BE/Diploma/Degree
    Total Posts 322 Posts
    Job LocationChennai, Tamil Nadu
    Last Date of Application6 March 2017 (Old)
    Extended – 5th April 2017
    Application ModeOnline

    CMWSSB Recruitment 2017 – Recruitment Details

    Name of Post
    VacanciesPay Scale
    Dy. Controller of Finance06Rs. 15600 to Rs. 39100 + GP Rs. 6600
    Senior Accounts Officer03Rs. 15600 to Rs. 39100 + GP Rs. 5400
    Asst. Engineer (Civil/Mech)113Rs. 9300 to Rs. 34800 + GP Rs. 5100
    Asst. Engineer (Electrical) 45 Rs. 9300 to Rs. 34800 + GP Rs. 5100
    Jr. Assistant155Rs. 5200 to Rs. 20200 + GP Rs. 2400

    CMWSSB Recruitment 2017 – Eligibility Criteria

    Academic Qualification

    Assistant Engineer Electrical (Civil/Mech.) – 113 Posts

    • Qualification – Candidates who are aspiring for CMWSSB Assistant Engineer posts should have a degree in Engineering (Civil/Mechanical) from any University or educational institution recognized by the University Grants Commission for its grant. A degree in Industrial Engineering or Production Engineering from Anna University is also considered as similar to BE.
    • Pay Scale – Rs. 9300 to Rs. 34800 Plus Grade Pay of Rs. 5100 Per Month

    Junior Assistant – 155 Vacancies

    • Qualification – Interested candidates who want to join CMWSSB Jr. Assistant posts should pass Degree of any university which is authorized by the University Grants Commission.
    • Pay Scale – Rs. 5200 to Rs. 20200 with Grade Pay Rs. 2400 per month

    Age Limit (As on July 1, 2017)

    • Ex Servicemen – 18 to 53 years
    • BC/BCM/DC/SC(A)/MBC/SC/ST – 18 to 35 years
    • Others – 18 to 30 years

    Age Relaxation – For BC/BCM/DC/SC(A)/MBC/SC/ST candidates – 5 years

    Pay Scale

    • Assistant Engineer (Mech./Civil) – Rs. 9300 to Rs. 34800 with Rs. 5100 as Grade Pay
    • Assistant – Rs. 5400 to Rs. 20200 with GP Rs. 2400
    • Senior Accounts Officer – Rs. 15600 to Rs. 39100 with Rs. 5400 as GP
    • Collector of Finance – Rs. 15600 to Rs. 39100 with Rs. 6600 as GP

    Selection Process

    CMWSSB Admit Card 2017 shall be issued to conduct exam for the posts of Jr. Assistant, Assistant Engineer, and other vacancies. After exam, selected candidates will be invited for interview.

    Application Fee

    Applicants who are aspiring to participate for the posts of Junior Assistant, Assistant Engineer etc. should make CMWSSB Online Payment through Credit Card or Debit Card or offline through DD drawn in favor of CMWSSB payable at Chennai from any nationalized bank.

    • SC/ST/SC(A) – Rs. 250
    • For others – Rs. 500

    Mode of Payment

    • Online – Debit Card, Credit Card, Net Banking
    • Offline – DD drawn in favor of CMWSSB, payable at Chennai

    Application Mode

    • Online

    CMWSSB Recruitment 2017 – How to Apply for 322 Posts Online?

    • Visit the official site
    • Read the official notification carefully and find out your eligibility
    • Apply online if you are eligible
    • Fill in all the important details properly and upload scanned signature and photograph
    • Pay application fee offline or online
    • Submit the online application
    • Take printout for future reference

    Important Dates

    Date of Notification – February 3, 2017

    Closing Date (Extended) – April, 5, 2017

    Hope we have covered all that you need to know about CMWSSB recruitment process. Do comment if you need to know any additional information.

  • Blood Relation Questions with Answers in English & Hindi

    blood relation questions

    Blood Relation questions are one of the commonly asked questions in Reasoning section of every competitive exam. It is known to be a very important topic and a lot of questions are asked every year in this scoring topic. In this guide, we have discussed all the important Blood Relation reasoning shortcuts for students to help them in preparation.

    Tricks to Solve Blood Relation Questions

    In Blood Relations or Family Relationship, persons are connected through relations, such as –

    • Father-Mother
    • Son-Daughter
    • Brother-Sister
    • Uncle-Aunty
    • Grandfather-Grandmother
    • Nephew-Niece
    • Brother-in-law Sister-in-law, etc.

    When adding members from mother’s size and father’s size, the list of member goes on and on. Questions in reasoning section on Blood/Family Relations are related to the relationship of a specific person with another family member, based on the chain of the relationship between other family members.

    The Blood/Family Relation tests are known to be an exercise to test the ability of a candidate to comprehend and come to the point of issue from lengthy, complex and unclear idea.

    Here are some of the important family relations 

    • Father’s/Mother’s son – Brother
    • Father’s/Mother’s Daughter – Sister
    • Father’s Brother – Paternal Uncle
    • Mother’s Brother – Maternal Uncle
    • Mother’s/Father’s Father – Grandfather
    • Mother’s/Father’s Sister – Aunt
    • Mother’s/Father’s Mother – Grandmother
    • Daughter’s Husband – Son-in-law
    • Son’s Wife – Daughter-in-law
    • Husband’s/Wife’s Father – Father-in-law
    • Husband’s/Wife’s Mother – Mother-in-law
    • Husband’s/Wife’s Brother – Brother in law
    • Husband’s/Wife’s Sister – Sister in law
    • Brother’s/Sister’s Son – Nephew
    • Sister’s Husband – Brother in Law
    • Sister’s/Brother’s Daughter – Niece

    Blood Relations Reasoning Example

    1. Ram is Kusha’s father but Kusha is not the son of Ram. Mala is Kusha’s daughter. Shalaka is Ram’s wife. Gopal is Kusha’s brother. Hari is Gopal’s son. Meena is Gopal’s wife. Ganpat is Meena’s father. Who is Ram’s grandchild?

    a) Hari

    b) Mala

    c) Shalaka

    d) Meena

    Answer – Mala is Kusha’s daughter and Ram is Kusha’s father. Hence, Mala is Ram’s granddaughter.

    Consider these Common Terms when Solving Answers

    The meaning of some terms are used widely in family relationships related questions, such as –

    • Child – Son or Daughter (Even though they are adult)
    • Parent – Mother/Father
    • Spouse – Husband/Wife
    • Sibling – Brother/Sister (Including step-sister and step-brother – at least one similar parent)

    Common Relationships

    Uncle, Aunty, Nephew and Niece

    • The term “Uncle” is used by many English speakers for four relations – mother’s brother, father’s brother, husband of mother’s sister, and husband of father’s sister
    • Aunt is also used to define mother’s sister, father’s sister, wife of father’s brother, and wife of mother’s brother
    • Sister’s or brother’s son is known as a nephew. Sister’s or brother’s daughter is known as a niece.
    • Cousins is used to introduce children of uncle or aunt

    Relations with Term “In-Law”

    Any term in relationships ends with “in-law” shows that relationship is through marriage, not blood. In general the relationship terms “In-laws” are mentioned in hyphens (-). The plural is defined before “in-law”. For instance, it is “brothers-in-law”, not “brother-in-laws”.

    Who’s who of them?

    • Mother-in-law is spouse’s mother and father-in-law is spouse’s father. If they get separated and remarry, their new partners are known as stepparents, not father-in-law and mother-in-law.
    • The wife of the son is referred as daughter-in-law and husband of a daughter is son-in-law. If your partner has children from last marriage, these are known as stepchildren, not daughters-in-law or sons-in-law. That person is their stepmother or stepfather, not mother-in-law or father-in-law.


    Both sister-in-law and brother-in-law have several meanings

    • A sister-in-law could be
      • Wife of brother,
      • Sister of spouse, or
      • Spouse’s brother’s wife
    • A brother-in-law could be
      • A sister’s husband
      • Spouse’s brother
      • Spouse’s sister’s husband

    Relationships defined with the terms “Great” and “Grand”

    • Relationships with the second generation are defined with “Grand” term
    • For a person, the first generation over them would be their parents like father and mother. The second generation is called the parents of the parents and they are known as Grandfather, Grandmother or Grandparents.
    • The third generation parents are known as Great Grand Father or Great Grand Mother.

    The term Grand also applies to collateral relations. For example, brother of Grand Father is known as Grand Uncle and son of a nephew is known as Grand Nephew.  There are also fourth generation relationships, known as Great Great Grand. For example, Great Great Grand Son is the son of Great Grand Son.

    Blood Relation Reasoning Tricks in Hindi

    हमारे पास परिवार के सदस्यों के बारे में कुछ ही जानकारी होती है जो रक्त सम्बन्धी प्रश्नो में मिली होती है जिसके आधार पे हमें किसी ख़ास सदस्य से रिश्ते के बारे में जानना होता है| आज हम रक्त सम्बन्धी प्रश्नो का हल निकलने के लिए कुछ खास तरीके (blood relations aptitude tricks) जानेंगे|

    इस तरह के प्रश्न आम तौर पर पदानुक्रमिक होते हैं जो सात पीढ़ी पे आधारित है –

    वार्तालाप के आधार पर – इस तरह के प्रश्नो में एक व्यक्ति दुसरे को इंगित करता है और जानकारी देते है| निम्न लिखित प्रश्न इसके सही  उदाहरण  है –

    १. मधु श्रेया की तरफ इशारा करती है और कहती है “उसकी माँ मेरी माँ की एकलौती संतान है |” मधु श्रेया की कौन है?

    A)पुत्र B) पिता  C) पोता D) माँ E) कोई नहीं

    २. एक आदमी एक तस्वीर में एक आदमी को इशारा करता है और एक औरत से कहता है, “उसकी माँ आपके पिता की एकलौती संतान है |” वह महिला उस तस्वीर वाले आदमी की कौन है?

    A)माँ  B) बहन C) बेटी D)पत्नी E) इनमें से कोई नहीं

    How to Solve Blood Relation Problems Quickly?

    In any aptitude test, blood relation is a very common topic. These questions may be given or asked directly as coded blood relations. Here are some of the blood relation shortcut tricks to decode these questions easily.

    Apply Question to Yourself

    It is the easiest way to solve the questions related to blood relations. You can relate yourself to every statement. Assume yourself or your name to the first name in the statement. Here’s an example to solve this type of question.


    She is Rahul’s brother’s mom’s sister

    In this statement, suppose Rahul is you

    Similarly, your brother’s mother is your mother, of course.

    Your mother’s sister is your Maternal Aunt

    Hence, she is your Maternal Aunt.

    If the question is short, this trick works. But don’t apply it for long questions as it will create conflicts.

    Split the Question into Small Portions

    The statement can get confusing when it is very long. So, you have to split every statement down into sub-statements and attend the problem.


    He is the son of Prabha’s brother’s aunt’s husband

    Here, assume yourself as Prabha

    Your brother’s aunt is your aunt

    Your aunt’s husband is your uncle

    His son is your cousin. Hence, he is Prabha’s cousin

    Clear Diagrams to Solve Questions

    This way, you can draw a family tree where you can place the people of the same generation at the same level and the whole diagram will be in the form of the family tree. It is the quick way to solve these questions accurately.

    Code questions in Blood Relations

    In these questions, blood relations are defined by symbols and codes, for instance, +,-,*,/. You have to analyze the relation based on code mentioned –

    We have to analyze the relation based on these codes –

    If A+B refers to A is B’s husband

    A/B refers to A is B’s sister

    A*B refers to A is B’s son

    What is the relation of F with P in F*B+C/P?

    This way, you should start solving the question from right to left or left to right. This question has been solved from right to left. Mention each person’s gender clearly. This way, F is P’s nephew. Hence, P is the uncle or aunt of F and it is not possible to state anything.

    Don’t Assume Gender

    Don’t assume any person’s gender in the question which is just based on names. For instance –

    Hitesh is Mithilesh’s brother and Mithilesh is Suresh’s brother. Who is Suresh for Hitesh?

    Use the explanation above in this way –

    Hitesh (m) => Mithilesh (m) => Suresh

    In this example, whether Suresh is male or female not known. Hence, Suresh could be the sister or brother of Hitesh. Please keep in mind that person’s gender cannot be defined on person’s name. This information should definitely support person’s gender.

    Here are some of the unsolved practice questions

    1. There are 8 family members – M, N, P, Q, R, S, T and U. This family has three couples. Along with their children, they live in three different cities – Ranchi, Chandigarh, and Delhi, but not in same order. Q is the mom of M & R. M is T’s uncle and S’s father. U’s spouse lives in Ranchi. U is N’s only sister-in-law. Who is P’s daughter-in-law? S neither lives with her aunt U nor in Chandigarh.

    Who is Q’s husband among them?

    • U
    • P
    • N
    • Cannot be determined
    • None of them
    1. Husband of Sulekha is the only son of Nandini’s mom.
    2. Nandini’s husband and Sulekha’s brother are cousins.

    What is the relationship between Sulekha and Nandini?

    • 1 is sufficient and 2 is not.
    • 2 is sufficient alone while 2 only is not sufficient.
    • Either 2 or 1 is sufficient
    • Both of them not sufficient
    • Both are sufficient

    Points to Remember

    • Focus only on those points that provide maximum and definite details.
    • When it comes to concluding the relationship between two persons, you should be varied of the person’s gender who is discussed because there are chances of mistake when you assume the gender of the person that is not mentioned in the question or that cannot be collected from the information mentioned.
    • Read questions with care and identify the people between whom relation can be established. You may possibly relate yourself to the character given so it can be simple to understand.

    Final Thoughts

    We hope you’ve liked this post and you would better understand the concept of logical reasoning blood relation with the questions above and improve your score in the reasoning section. If you are still confused, revert back to us.

  • TNPSC Group 2A Non-Interview Posts Syllabus 2017

    The Public Service Commission was established by the British Government in 1923 to determine the payment structure of Indian Civil Service. The Commission addressed the Indianization rate of the Indian Police and Indian Civil Service. It also determined the series in which Indian Civil Service would be made in 15 years with 50% of Indian membership and the same in 25 years for the Police in India.  It was responsible basically for recruitment and exercise control on the services. The Government of Punjab and Madras has proposed to establish their Public Service Commission due to the discretionary powers that are left.

    The Madras Service Commission was established as per the Act of Madras Legislature in the year 1929. The Madras Presidency had great honor as the only state in the country to have the first Service Commission in India. Madras Service Commission was established with 3 Members, along with the Chairman. After states’ reorganization in 1957, various Commissions were established. It became the Madras Public Service Commissions in 1957 headquartered in Madras. In the 1970s, Madras was renamed to Tamil Nadu. Hence, Madras Public Service Commission also renamed to Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission or TNPSC.

    TNPSC Group 2 Non-Interview Post

    Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC) conducts TNPSC Group 2 Non-Interview Post exam every year. This time, it is all set to conduct the combined Civil Services Exam (Group 2A – Non-Interview Posts) in 2017 for several posts of Personal Clerks and Assistants.

    Annual Planner reports that the exam will be conducted to fill 682 vacancies. So, thousands of people were waiting for Group 2 Non-Interview Syllabus in Tamil. Your wait is over!

    Now you can download TNPSC Group 2 Non-Interview Syllabus PDF for non-interview posts (Tamil & English) as the syllabus has been updated recently by the TNPSC.


    TNPSC Group 2 Exam Pattern & Eligibility Criteria 2017

    Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission is responsible for conducting Combined Civil Services Exam (Group 1 and Group 2) for Non-Interview Posts. Applicants who are going to apply for the TNPSC recruitment must check the exam pattern and eligibility criteria given below.

    For Group 2 Exam, the selection will be based on the results of the main exam and preliminary exam. Applicants who have applied for the jobs in Group 2 and searching for exam pattern should check the details. The Main Exam and Paper 1 consist of 350 and 300 marks respectively. According to the details given by TNPSC, we have listed TNPSC Group 2 Eligibility Criteria and Exam Pattern.


    TNPSC Group II Eligibility Criteria

    A large number of applicants apply for TNPSC Group Exams every year. If you are applying for Group 2 exam, be sure to fulfill the following eligibility criteria as per the post applied. Candidates should meet the following eligibility criteria before applying

    Age Limits

    • All applicants should be at least 18 years old
    • For SC, ST, BC/DC, BCM and C(A) categories, maximum age limit is 30 years.
    • For SC (Arunthathiyars)/SC, ST, Denotified Communities/Most Backward Classes, Backward Classes (Muslims), Backward Classes, and Destitute Widows of any caste, there is no age limit.

    Exam Pattern

    1.General Studies (Degree) –    75 Questions

    Mental Ability & Aptitude Test (SSLC Standard) – 25 Questions (100×1.5 = 150)

    General English/General Tamil (SSLC Standard) – 100 Questions (100×1.5 = 150)

    Total Questions = 200

    Maximum Marks = 300 (200×1.5 = 300)

    Minimum Qualifying Marks = 90 (For all Classes)

    Educational Qualification

    Candidates are required to possess the following or equivalent educational qualifications –

    • For Personal Clerk (Finance Department), all applicants must possess Bachelor’s in Commerce, Economics or Statistics, and passed the Technical Examination in Typewriting (both in English and Tamil with higher grades)
    • A Bachelor’s Degree is required for the post of Personal Clerk in
      1. Other than Finance & Law Department
      2. Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly or Secretariat
      3. Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
    • For Assistant in Commissioner Revenue Administration, a candidate must possess a degree of B.Sc., BA, or B.Com from any University, BBA from Madurai Kamarajar University, BOL from Annamalai University, B.Litt. or BBM from Bharatiyar University, or B.Litt. from Madras University.
    • For Assistant in Ministry of Departments, candidates can apply with any degree.
    • For Lower Division Clerk in TN Legislative Assembly Secretariat, candidates should have B.Sc., BA, or B.Com from any University which is authorized by the University Grants Commission.


    TNPSC Group 2 (Non-Interview Posts) – Selection Process

    • Document Verification
    • Written Exam


    TNPSC Group 2 Non-Interview Syllabus

    Unit 1 – General Science


    • Universe – Scientific Instruments, Basic Scientific Laws, Discoveries & Inventions, Science Glossary, National Scientific Laboratories, Properties & Mechanics of Matter, Physical Quantities
    • Electricity & Magnetism – Motion and Energy – Heat
    • Standards & Units – Force
    • Atomic & Nuclear Physics – Lights and Sound


    • Compounds & Elements – Acids
    • Chemistry of Metals (Carbon) and Ores – Oxidation & Reduction (Bases & Salts)
    • Nitrogen & its components – Pesticides, Fertilizers, Insecticides


    • Reproductive System – Genetics
    • Blood Circulation and Blood – Endocrine System
    • Science of Heredity – Environment, health, ecology, and hygiene
    • Biodiversity and its conservation
    • Communicable and non-communicable diseases – human diseases, remedies and prevention


    • Major concept of Life Science
    • Classification of Living Organism – Cell-Basic Unit of Living
    • Respiration – Nutrition & Dietetics


    Unit 2 – History, Current Affairs, Latest Diary of Events

    • National Symbols – Profile of each state
    • Popular Places and Persons in News, games, and sports
    • Books & Authors – honors and awards
    • Current affairs – India and neighboring countries
    • Appointments in government departments – Who is Who?


    Policy on Ecology & Environment – Geographical Landmarks

    Political Science

    • Issues in conducting public elections
    • Political System & Political Parties in India
    • General administration and public awareness
    • Role and utilization of Government and Voluntary organizations,
    • Welfare-oriented government schemes


    • New Economic policy and government sector
    • Existing socio-economic disputes


    • Latest Discoveries in Health, Science, Communication and Mass media
    • Latest inventions in technology and science


    Unit 3 – Geography

    • Solar System – Earth & Universe
    • Hydrosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere
    • Weather & Climate – Monsoon, rainfall
    • Water resources – Indian rivers
    • Minerals, soils and natural resources
    • Natural vegetation – flora and fauna
    • Livestock, fisheries and agricultural pattern
    • Social geography – population distribution and density
    • Disaster Management


    Unit 4 – Culture and History of India

    • History of South India – Heritage and Culture of Tamilians
    • Beginning of European Domination – Consolidation & Expansion of British rule, impact of British Rule on Socio-Economic development, religious movements, and social reforms
    • India after independence
    • Indian Culture – Unity in diversity of language, custom, race, and color
    • India as Secular Country
    • Organizations for dance, fine arts, drama, dance, and music
    • Dravidian Movement in Tamil Nadu
    • Famous personalities in several fields – Science, Arts, Philosophy, and Literature, including Swami Vivekananda, Mother Teresa, M.S. Subbulakshmi, Pt. Ravishankar, J.Krishnamoorthy, and Rukmani Arundel etc.
    • Political parties and their schemes


    Unit 5 – Indian Politics

    • Constitution of India – Salient Features (State, Union, and Territory) and Preamble to the Constitution
    • Fundamental Rights and Duties – Human Rights
    • Union Legislature – State Executive – Parliament
    • State Legislature – Assembly – Status of J&K
    • Local Government – Panchayat rule
    • Tamil Nadu Judiciary in the country – Due process and rule of law
    • Indian Federalism – State – Center Relations
    • Provisions for Emergency
    • Elections – Election Commission Union
    • Amendments and Schedules to Constitution
    • Administrative Reforms
    • Corruption – Measures to Prevent Corruption – Lok Adalat, Central Vigilance Commission, Comptroller, Ombudsman, Auditor General of India, Central & State Commission, Right to Information Act
    • Woman Empowerment


    Unit 6 – Economy of India

    • Nature of Economy of India
    • Assessment of 5-Year Plan
    • Agriculture & Land Reforms – Applying Science in Agriculture
    • Industrial Expansion – Role of Public Sector
    • Infrastructure Development – Programs related to Rural Welfare
    • Problems in Social Sector – Education, Population, Employment, Health, Finance
    • Human Resource & Development
    • Economic Trends in TN – Sustainable Growth of Economy
    • Finance Commission, National Development Council, and Planning Commission


    Unit 7 – Indian National Movement

    • Early revolution against 1857 Revolt – British Rule
    • Emergence of National Leaders in Indian National Congress – Nehru, Gandhi, Netaji, Tagore
    • Militant Movements – Communalism which caused partition
    • Tamil Nadu with Freedom Struggle – VOC, Rajaji, Bharathiar, Periyar, etc.
    • Evolution of Political System and Political Parties in India after independence


    Unit 8 – Mental Ability & Aptitude

    • Information to Data Conversion – Compilation, Collection & Presentation of Data, Diagrams, table Graphs
    • Analytical Interpretation of Data – Percentage, Simplification, Lowest Common Multiple (LCM), Highest Common Factor (HCM), Simple Interest, Ratio & Proportion, Compound Interest, Volume, Area, Work and Time
    • Problem Solving & Decision Making
    • Logical Reasoning – Visual Reasoning (Puzzle, Dice etc.), Alpha Numeric reasoning,
    • Number – Alphabetical/Logical Number/Diagrammatic Sequence


    Why is TNPSC Group 2A (Non-Interview) Syllabus Mandatory?

    Candidates who are applying for TNPSC Group 2 Non-Interview post don’t know how much syllabus is important. The syllabus is very important for preparation. Most applicants overlook the importance of syllabus and refer textbook without knowing what to read.

    In the syllabus, one can get an idea of where to start and where they are heading to. Most questions come from syllabus titles, as Skyrocket Technique suggests.

    So, keep a copy of tnpsc group 2 non-interview syllabus pdf handy to prepare and prosper in the upcoming exam.

    Bonus Tips

    Candidates must refer the textbooks from Samacheer Kalvi from 6th to 12th standard to prepare for TNPSC Group 2A Exam. You can also get the basic idea of the syllabus in Group 2 Non-Interview Model Question Paper.

    Refer to the onliner mock test for aptitude tests and current affairs. These textbooks are also available online in PDF formats. So download the soft copy if you didn’t find the hard copy from the market.

  • 50 Selenium Interview Questions and Answers 2017 + PDF Download

    selenium interview questions

    If you are a software tester looking for the job of test automation or testing, you are at the right place. We have listed over 50+ Selenium interview questions to crack a job interview. In this post, you will get a short and simple answer to all the Selenium Webdriver interview questions for all the experienced and non-experienced candidates.

    For those who don’t know about Selenium, it is actually a flexible software testing framework used for web applications. It features a playback/record tool to conduct tests without having to learn Selenium IDE, a test scripting language. It also features Selenese (domain-based language) to write tests in several programming languages, such as Java, C#, Groovy, PHP, Perl, Ruby, Python, and Scala.

    Selenium Interview Questions Based on Experience

    Along with face-to-face interviews, this questionnaire will also benefit you in telephonic sessions. Most of the IT companies nowadays prefer to assess the technical skills of a candidate over phone before inviting them for walk-in interviews. An interviewer won’t ask only theoretical or conceptual questions. They would also test a little differ by asking tricky questions regarding the technology they use. This is where these Selenium Webdriver interview questions come to the rescue.

    Selenium Interview Questions for Freshers

    1. What is Selenium?

    Selenium is a software program which automates web applications and browsers, not desktop applications. It supports various OS platforms, including Linux, Mac, and Windows. Its tools are used basically for Regression and Functional Testing.

    1. What are the Components of Selenium?
    • Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
    • Selenium Remote Control (RC)
    • Selenium WebDriver
    • Selenium Grid
    1. What is Selenium IDE?

    Selenium IDE comes as a Firefox plugin. It is an integrated development platform to develop and deploy Selenium Test series. It is used to record, playback, edit, and debug the test cases.

    1. What is Selenium RC?

    Selenium RC (Remote Control) is a testing tool to write automated UI tests of web applications in any language for any HTTP website through the JavaScript-based browser.

    1. What is Selenium WebDriver?

    Selenium WebDriver creates Test cases to run on several browsers, through WebDriver API commands and element locators. With WebDriver, we can use Testing Framework Annotations and Programming features to enhance Test cases.

    It is built to provide more concise, easier programming UI along with facing some issues in Selenium-RC API. This tool is developed to support dynamic pages where elements may change without even reloading the page.

    1. What is Selenium Grid?

    With Selenium Grid, we can run Tests on various environments against several browsers. In other words, it supports distributed execution of Tests. We can run multiple tests against various machines at the same time in different operating systems and browsers.

    1. What is Apache Maven? How is it used in Selenium?

    Maven is a Java build management and project management component. With Maven, we can easily manage Java project builds. As a Java build management component, Maven enables us to manage the Selenium build with ease. It manages the documentation, build compilation, and other project related tasks of Selenium test project. With it, we can also create the accurate project structure, manage and add jar files in build path, etc.

    1. What is TestNG? What are its Usage in Selenium?

    Like NUnit or JUnit in Group Test cases TestNG is also a Testing Framework used to run parameterized Tests, Test batches, and to provide in-depth HTML test reports.

    1. What are the Pros of Selenium?
    • Supports several programming languages to create Test scripts
    • Open Source program
    • Multi-browser support to conduct Test Scripts/Test Cases.
    • Supports several OS platforms to initiate Testing.
    • Enables Parallel Test execution.
    1. What are the Cons of Selenium?
    • No built-in support for Reporting Results
    • No Tech Support
    • Only for Browser/Web-based applications
    • No support for new features

    Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions for 2 Years Experience

    1. What are the WebDriver API categories used in Selenium?
    • ChromeDriver,
    • AndroidDriver,
    • FirefoxDriver,
    • EventFiringWebDriver,
    • InternetExplorerDriver,
    • HTMLUnitDriver,
    • iPhoneDriver,
    • RemoteWebDriver,
    1. How to Ensure the Successful Loading of Webpage with Selenium and WebDriver?

    Use the following codes to make sure that your webpage is loaded successfully in Selenium. Choose an element and stick to it till it becomes a link to click.


    // Or

    while (!(selenium.isElementPresent(“any page element “)==true)) {




    Use the following code in WebDriver –

    WebDriverWait check = new WebDriverWait(driver, 100);


    1. How to Execute a Batch File in Selenium WebDriver?

    Use the following Java code to define your requirements before conducting the automation –

    Process batch = Runtime.getRuntime.exec(“path of the batch file”);


    1. How to start Selenium IDE Test Suite?

    Run the following command –

    Java -jar “C:\Selenium Webdriver Questions\selenium-server-standalone-2.33.0.jar” -htmlSuite “*firefox” “” ” “C:\Selenium Webdriver Questions\SeleniumSuite.HTML”

    1. How to Access JavaScript Variable in WebDriver?

    Use the following JavaScript code to read any variable in Selenium WebDriver –

    // Initialize the JS object.

    JavascriptExecutor JS = (JavascriptExecutor) webdriver;

    // Get the current site title.

    String sitetitle = (String)JS.executeScript(“return document.title”);

    System.out.println(“My Site Title: ” + sitetitle);

    1. What are the Common Exceptions in Webdriver?
    • NoAlertPresentException,
    • WebDriverException,
    • NoSuchElementException,
    • NoSuchWindowException,
    • TimeoutException
    1. What is FirefoxDriver? What Interface Does It Conduct?

    It is a Java class. It conducts <WebDriver> interface and all of its methods.

    1. What is the Difference between quit() and close () methods?

    quit() – It closes all the opened windows and browser too.

    close() – It closes only those browser window that is currently open.

    1. How to increase Right Click operation in Selenium WebDriver?

    By using the Action class features, for example –

    Actions test = new Actions(driver); // Here, driver is the object of WebDriver class.



    1. How to Check Radio Button/Checkbox Status?

    By using the isSelected() method –

    boolean test = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“checkbox/radio button XPath”)).isSelected();

    Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions for 3 Years Experience

    1. How to Enter Text without sendKeys()?

    Use both of the wrapper classes and JavaScript classes with WebDriver extension, such as –

    lic static void setAttribute(WebElement element, String attributeName, String value)


    WrapsDriver wrappedElement = (WrapsDriver) element;

    JavascriptExecutor driver = (JavascriptExecutor)wrappedElement.getWrappedDriver();

    driver.executeScript(“arguments[0].setAttribute(arguments[1],arguments[2])”, element, attributeName, value);


    Call this method in test script and pass the text you like to enter and the text field attribute.

    1. Can we Handle https domain in Selenium?

    Yes, by changing FirefoxProfile setting –

    Syntax-public class HTTPSSecuredConnection {

    public static void main(String[] args){

    FirefoxProfile profile = new FirefoxProfile();


    WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver(profile);




    1. What Headless browser is called?


    1. What are the Pros of TestNG?

    With the help of TestNG, you can conduct test cases according to group.

    • Annotations are simple
    • Generates three types of reports
    • We can conduct execution of Selenium Test cases in parallel
    • Changing order of execution is possible
    • Execute failed test cases
    • Execute the test method without main function
    • Generate xml file to conduct the whole test suite. In this file, we can align the execution preferences and skip execution of a specific test case.
    1. What are Keyword Driven and Data driven Framework?

    In Data driven Framework, Test Data is aligned and kept aside Test Scripts, when Test Case logic is held inside.

    On the flip side, Table-Driven or Keyword-Driven Framework needs creation of keywords and data tables, along with using test automation tool to execute them.

    1. Why Use AutoIt Tool?

    We often get stuck due to some barriers like window-based popup, while testing through Selenium. But Selenium supports only web-based tools and it cannot handle it. So, we have to use AutoIt tool with Selenium script. It can easily handle window-based apps as it is powered by VBScript.

    1. Why to Use contectClick()?

    To right click

    1. What are the Components of Framework?
    • Drivers folder
    • Excel file
    • Jars folder
    • Library – ConfigLibrary, Assertion, ProjectSpecificLibrary, GenericLibrary, Modules
    1. Which Web Browser Does Selenium IDE Support?

    Since is a Firefox add-on, it supports Firefox only.

    1. Which is Better – CSS or xpath?

    Ans – xpath

    Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions for 4 Years Experience

    1. Why Should We Prefer Selenium over Others?
    • Free of cost,
    • Enables Powerful and Simple DOM-based testing,
    • Supports several languages, including C#, Ruby, Java, Python etc.
    1. Difference between Selenium WebDriver and Selenium RC

    Selenium WebDriver – It uses built-in support of your browser to use it.

    Selenium RC – It adds JavaScript function on the browsers while loading webpage.

    1. Why WebDriver is better than Selenium RC?
    • Great API
    • No need to run Selenium RC Server
    • Faster and native automation – Less prone to browser configuration and error
    • Fast Tests with Headless HTMLUnitDriver access
    1. How to Handle Dynamic Elements?

    Ans – We can manage Dynamic Element by creating relative xpath.

    1. What are the Checkpoints or Assertions used in Script?
    • Validations against element,
    • Is page title the same as expected,
    • Is text given on the page
    1. What is Actions Class?

    In WebDriver, Actions Class controls the mouse’s actions.

    1. Difference between @BeforeClass and @BeforeMethod

    @BeforeClass is executed before each class.

    @BeforeMethod is executed before each @Test method.

    1. What is Object Repository?

    It is a very important part of any UI Automation process. A tester can store every object that can be helpful in scripts in several centralized areas instead of getting them sprinkled all around the Test scripts. It is not all about WET. We can use it in any UI automation.

    1. What about OOPS Concepts?
    • Abstraction
    • Encapsulation
    • Inheritance
    • Polymorphism
    1. What about Inheritance?

    As the name suggests, it inherits any class feature with some connections between interface and class.

    Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions for Highly Experienced

    1. What is IntelliJ?

    It is an IDE to write faster and better Selenium code. We can use it as an alternative to Eclipse and Java bean.

    1. How to Customize TestNG Report?

    There are two different ways to customize it –

    • Through IReporter Interface
    • Through ITestListener interface
    1. What is Listeners in WebDriver?

    As the name suggests, Listeners “listen” to the selenium script event and work accordingly. With Listeners, we can customize TestNG logs or reports. TestNG Listeners and WebDriver Listeners are two main kind of listeners.

    1. What Java API is applied to Generate PDF Reports?

    We need Java API IText to generate PDF logs

    1. What type of Listeners used in TestNG?
    • IAnnotationTransformer
    • IConfigurationListener
    • IConfigurable
    • IAnnotationTransformer2
    • IHookable
    • IExecutionListener
    • IMethodInterceptor
    • IReporter
    • ITestListener
    • ISuiteListener
    • IInvokedMethodListener
    • IInvokedMethodListener2
    1. What is desired capability? How to use it in Selenium?

    It is a series of value or key pairs which consists of browser information, such as browser version, name of browser, path to the browser driver etc. to find out the behavior of browser.

    In Selenium, it is helpful to configure the Selenium WebDriver instance and used when it comes to run test cases on any browser with various versions of operating systems.

    1. When to use AutoIT?

    Selenium is used to automate web applications on various browsers. But AutoIT is used to handle non-HTML popup and window UI in the application.

    1. Which API to use in Database Testing?

    In Selenium WebDriver, we have to use Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) API for Database testing to execute SQL commands.

    1. Why Use Session Handling with Selenium?

    When it comes to work with Selenium, we should use Session Handling because the WedDriver need to work with the browser every time to execute the command in test execution. There are chances that someone else may start execution of any other script before the existing execution finishes in the same browser type and in the same machine, during execution. To avoid these instances, Session Handling is required.

    1. What are the Pros of Git Hub in Selenium?
    • It allows multiple people to update project info while working on the same project and tell other teammates at the same time.
    • You can generate the project from remote repository with Jenkins in regular basis. You can easily keep an eye on failed builds.

    Final Words

    In this post, we have listed the most asked Selenium WebDriver Interview questions. But there is always a room for upgrades and improvements. We will stay up-to-date with recent changes in this technology and add more new questions ahead, to improve your confidence and skills needed to face interview.

    We have covered huge range of Selenium quizzes and interview questions. These are the fresh set of interview questions. If you found the above questions useful, you may share your knowledge drive and this list of questions to your friends.


  • What To Write In Subject Line When Emailing Resume For Freshers?

    subject line

    In this digital world, email is your first line of contact for networking, job search, and other business communications. With over 89 million emails sent on daily basis in business world, it is even harder than ever to get your email read.

    Employers receive hundreds of emails every day. Hence, a subject line can mean a difference between an email which gets noticed and read and the one which goes direct to trash, without even opening it by the HR managers. Along with communicating what you expect and who you are, your email is also a marketing tool which helps you to stand out and show off your qualification.

    Your subject line should be professional, clear, and concise, to ensure that your emails are read.

    Why Do You Need a Subject Line?

    Along with your name and email address, the subject line is another important thing your employer will notice in their mailbox.  Since email can contain advertisements, irrelevant information, and even virus and spyware, people are often reluctant to check all of the emails in their inbox. The choose emails mainly by looking at the sender’s email and subject line.

    If you skip the subject section, your email is more likely to be deleted or discarded as spam.  According to the studies, 33% of the decisions on whether to open an email or not are based on subject lines. When you send your resume through email, it is more likely that your recipient doesn’t know your name. So, a subject line is the only way to get your resume noticed and make a solid first impression.

    When there is a tough competition for just one opening, it’s time to stand out of hundreds of resumes being sent every day. Sending your resume through email to a hiring manager or company is the most effective option to make way to an interview.

    Be sure to do it right as it is the very first contact you will make with your potential employer. When companies receiving thousands of resumes on email, here’s how to write the attractive subject lines along with some best examples.

    How to Write Subject Line which Works?

    The Most Important thing => Be Professional

    It goes without saying that both your email address and the subject line should look professional. Avoid casual phrases or words like “What’s Up?”, “Hey”, “Cheers” etc. in your subject line. Instead, it should be polite yet professional.

    In addition, your email address should also look professional. Email addresses like,, etc. are the major turn-offs to hiring managers.

    Mention why you are contacting them

    Your subject line should be interesting and relevant to get your email noticed. Add keywords regarding your purpose to write the email to make it relevant.

    For example, if you are writing an email for job search, mention which post you are applying for, along with your name, in the subject line.

    If you have a reference from someone, include their name in your subject line. It is quite very difficult to get noticed by email. Consider subject line as your opportunity to get noticed and make recipient want to get more details about you.

    Job Title

    If you are sending email for recruitment, add job title in your subject line. This way, the employer may get an insight on what job position you are applying for. A hiring manager may have to fill multiple positions. So, it will be convenient to them to get the glance of the job position you have applied for.

    If they have applied an automated filter on their email, it will be helpful to them to find your email by mentioning job title. With having right subject line, your application can get placed in the right folder that can be seen on time. You can also add your name. If you have reference, mention “referred by” and their name.

    Keep it Simple and Short

    The more specific your subject line, the easier will it be to categorize your email faster for the recipient and respond well. You should be as concise as possible. Lengthy subject lines are also a major turn-off as they could lose important information you want to provide.

    They may check your email on their mobile devices where only 25 to 30 characters are displayed. When reading on computer, there is much more space to see the subject. First few words should be straight to the point. Leave extra details like your experience and credentials at the end.


    After writing your email, don’t forget to proofread it and its subject line before sending it. Subject line can make lasting impression. So, be sure that you have written subject line which is free of errors and clear.

    Subject Line Examples to Grab Recruiter’s Attention

    • Subject Line Examples for Sales & Marketing Jobs

    1. “Your Name” – Job Inquiry for the Post of Marketing Director
    2. Application for Managing Director Position – 10 Years Experience
    3. Application for District Sales Manager – Referred by “First Name” “Last Name”
    4. Research Assistant Seeking New Opportunity
    5. Interview Request – XYZ Pvt. Ltd. Employee
    6. Experienced Sales Executive Seeking Opportunities
    7. Hard Working, Highly Motivated, Experienced Candidate wants to Get Hired!!
    8. Job Application – Marketing Executive, Job ID #1234 – Your Name, City
    9. Marketing Manager Resume – Your Name
    10. Following Up on the Interview – Your Name
    • Subject Line Examples for Jobs in IT Sector

    1. Job Application: Ravi Verma, Software Engineer
    2. Job Inquiry from Ankit Trivedi, Award-Winning Application Developer
    3. Application for IT Analyst – Rahul Sharma
    4. Referred by Atul Agnihotri – Dilip Patel
    5. Associate Developer with 10 Years of Experience
    6. Atul Tiwari Following Up on Help Desk Specialist position
    7. Recommended by Mr. R.D. Sharma, CEO Spark Technologies, for the post of IT Support Manager
    8. Java Developer, Post No. XYZ/1234, 5 Years of Experience
    9. Rituraj Verma, Network Architect interested in Job Posting # IA1234
    10. Raj Sharma – Application for Programmer Analyst, 5 Years of Experience
    • Subject Line Examples for Jobs in Banking

    1. Job Application – Rahul Verma, Bank Manager, Job ID 1234
    2. Resume – Ravi Sharma, Loan Clerk
    3. Referral from R.D. Verma – Rahul Verma, Bank Manager Position candidate
    4. Applying for Loan Processor
    5. Attention: CV for Investment Banker
    6. With Reference to Mr. S.D. Kapoor, CEO Sunshine Industries – Applying for Bank Manager position
    7. Saw Your Job Opening for Accounts Representative
    8. Employee Referral from Ricky Peters: Candidate for Investment Sales Manager
    9. John Smith Following up on the Post of Clerk
    10. Funds Transfer Clerk – Job Application
    • Subject Line Examples for Accounting Jobs

    1. Ashok Tripathi – Job Application for Accounting Clerk
    2. Referral from Rohit Malhotra – Application for Accounts Manager
    3. Auditor, Posting No. 135433/ABCD, 5 years of experience
    4. Job Application for Chief Accounting Officer, 10 years of experience
    5. Payroll Manager Resume – Rahul Sharma
    6. Job Application from Award Winning Senior Auditor
    7. Application for Information Technology Auditor
    8. K. Sharma – Job Inquiry for the Post of Financial Analyst
    9. Hard Working, Experienced Audit Supervisor ready to Get Hired!!
    10. Application for Accounting Supervisor Position
    • Subject Line Examples for Jobs in Retail Industry

    1. Job Application for Assistant Store Manager Position
    2. Job Inquiry – Vijay Kumar, Automotive Sales Manager, 3 Yrs Exp
    3. Resume for the Post of Automotive Product Specialist
    4. Dedicated Area Manager Looking for a Job in Your Organization!
    5. Sales Consultant CV – Ravi Patel
    6. Job Inquiry for Retail Sales Representative – Post No. 123456
    7. Referral from D.K. Sharma – Rahul Khanna, for the Post of Stock Clerk
    8. Applying for Warehouse Manager position, 5 yrs. Exp
    9. Retail Sales Consultant Looking for a New Opportunity in Your Organization!
    10. Job Inquiry from a Full-Time, Dedicated Retail Management Trainee

    Wrapping Up

    For job seekers, getting response from their potential employers is one of the major challenges. Recruiters should first read your emails to respond to you in a sensible way. With that in mind, you should follow the above tips and consider the subject line examples to improve the chances of your emails getting read.

    When it comes to reach out to your potential employer and to submit your resume, subject line plays a very vital role. You should cut to the point to grab their attention without annoying them. Leaving your subject lines blank or using promotion-type lines or fancy words can get your email deleted or moved to trash.  Your email subject line shouldn’t be more than 50 characters long. Make sure to keep the first few words clear.

  • How to Download IEEE Papers for free from IEEE Xplore and Sci-Hub without membership?

    How to Download IEEE Papers for free from IEEE Xplore and Sci-Hub without membership?

    Several students have this question in their mind over the years. They often look for IEEE papers and journals for their IEEE projects.

    IEEE or Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is the leading technical institute for computer science, electronics, electrical, and all other fields and domains. There are many roles and objectives of IEEE but they are classified widely in three main categories.

    1. Educational Activities
    2. Publications
    3. Standards Development

    Here, our main focus in IEEE is its Publications aspect. IEEE is known to organize several conferences across the world where they present the latest technology concepts as papers and they are often published in publications and journals. These papers are widely regarded as IEEE Papers.

    So basically, each IEEE paper is about a latest technology idea, innovation or possibility. As these IEEE papers are published in different publications, these have great technical standing. One can easily access most of these publications online using a digital library, IEEE Xplore.

    What is an IEEE Project?

    IEEE Project is a project which conveys the core technology idea of the institute through IEEE paper. IEEE Papers are published after years of research. For a final year project, it is virtually impossible for engineering students (whether BE or ME) to access the IEEE papers and journals.

    Since the possibility of getting the whole IEEE paper is almost rare for the students to complete their project, they can, at least, take a part of paper. On the other hand, the scope of getting a single paper is sometimes too small for a final year project. In that case, a student can take multiple IEEE papers as base papers.

    When it comes to choosing between an IEEE reference paper and IEEE base paper, students are often confused. As the name implies, IEEE base paper is the one which contains the fundamental idea of a project. On the other side, reference paper is based on some of the smaller aspects of a project. Generally, a project consists of several reference papers and one base paper. According to the type of IEEE project, reference papers may or may not be used.

    How to Download IEEE Papers for free?

    If it’s your final year in an engineering college, you may certainly have a project to complete. For this, you need an IEEE journal and conference paper as a base paper or some reference papers.

    To download IEEE papers for free, you need to access IEEE Xplore digital library. For each paper to download, you either have to pay $33 for each base paper or get a membership. Or you have to rely on the institutional services on your college for IEEE papers free download. Students who are unable to access this facility may rely on their friends or their professors from another college.

    Well, there are different ways to get IEEE research papers for free without membership. In this guide, we will share all the possible means to download IEEE research papers.

    About Sci-Hub

    Sci-Hub is a one-stop online search engine to provide access to over 58,000,000 academic journals and papers for direct download. Every day, new research papers are uploaded to be accessed through the proxies of educational institutions.

    The Sci-Hub Project was founded by Alexandra Elbakyan, a Kazakh graduate, in the year 2011. The project was started with the intent to break the barriers of knowledge like paid memberships. Everyone should be able to gain knowledge despite their income and affordability.

    In 2015, Elsevier, an academic publisher filed a suit against Sci-Hub in New York City for copyright infringement. Due to this succeeding lawsuit, the original domain suffered a huge loss. Following the initial loss, Sci-Hub started several domains, though some of them have been restricted in some countries.

    Despite such controversies, the site has spread its wings in both developing and developed countries, including India, Indonesia, Iran, Pakistan, China, Brazil, Russia, and the United States. According to Elbakyan’s data released in 2016, the usage of Sci-Hub is soaring high with the large number of downloads from the US and various countries that fall in the European Union.

    Among several other sites offering free access to research papers, Sci-Hub became the first which automated the “bypassing paywalls” process. The Sci-Hub website provides easy access to the papers for free without membership. The website served up to 200,000 requests per day later this year, in February 2016, which was raised up by 80000 requests per day on average before the original URL “” blocked in the year 2015.

    How to Download IEEE Papers from Sci-Hub?

    With the help of Sci-Hub, you can download any research paper absolutely for free. To download IEEE paper, you just need to have a stable internet connection. Here are the ways to download IEEE paper to read.

    1. First of all, you have to visit the official IEEE Xplore website and search for IEEE Xplore papers free download.
    2. Copy the URL of the particular paper page.For example – ieee1
    3. If it is your base paper, go to or to download ieee papers free from ieee explore
    4. Paste the copied URL and click “Open” to access the document.
    5. Replace the xxxxxx in this URL with copied number –
    6.  It will take you to the download page.
    7. All you need to enter Captcha code and click on “Download” button. ieee3
    8. Click the download link directly. download ieee papers from ieee explorer

    Sometimes, you may not access in your country. This way, you may install Proxmate add-on on Firefox or Chrome. You may also access some mirror websites for, such as –


    If you still cannot access the mirror websites, try using proxy to access those as they are banned in Russia and other countries.

    Alternative Method:

    • Log on to IEEE Xplore website and look for the paper and click on the name of paper to visit the page.
    • Copy the page URL, for example –

    • Modify the URL. Add just after For example –

    Final Thoughts

    Sci-Hub is the best way to download IEEE research papers for free without having any membership. It has totally broken the barrier of subscription fee for the students to help in their final year project. We hope you’ve enjoyed reading this guide and these tips would help you to download IEEE papers without membership.

  • Cabin Crew Interview Questions and Answers 2016

    Flight attendants or cabin crew are the staff on business and commercial flights responsible to ensure safety and comfort of the passengers. If you are pursuing the job as flight attendant in a reputed airline, you have to prepare some of the frequently asked questions in cabin crew interview.

    How to Answer Cabin Crew Interview Questions?

    The selection panel asking cabin crew interview questions in Hindi are very experienced to choose the right candidates for the job. So, it is very important to prepare for this stage. If you succeed in passing the stages, you have done really well. Here are the tips to answer cabin crew interview questions for IndiGo Airlines.

    Read: Mcdonalds Interview questions and answers


    You have to do proper research for the airline you want to join and role you are going to apply for. Here are the frequently asked questions in cabin crew interview.

    • What do you know about cabin crew?
    • Why are you applying for cabin crew and why you are joining our airline?
    • What do you know about this particular airline?
    • What do you know about challenges in airline?
    • What are your personal attributes and qualities?
    • What are your strengths and weaknesses?
    • Do you like working in team or alone?
    • How would you treat your fellow team members?

    Researching the Airline

    Obviously no airline needs you to know every detail about the company before working for them. But you should know some facts. This way, you can show to the panel that you have done your research. You have to demonstrate your deep interest in the job and you have done your homework. You should visit their site and write the facts about the policies, what aircraft they use, their flight timings, routes, their future prospects, aspirations and achievements.

    You can get most of these details on their official website, including customer relations and the type of services they provide, board members and role of flight attendant. Here is a checklist to cover each major topic about the company –

    • What’s the mission and vision of the company?
    • What are their flight routes?
    • Do they have future plans for growth or expansion?
    • Who are the major competitors of the airline?
    • What services and products they offer?
    • What is the customer care policy of airline?
    • How long they’ve been operating?

    Cabin Crew Interview Common Questions

    Let’s take a look at the cabin crew interview common questions to get started on the preparation. When it comes to personal interview, there are some questions repeated from the form. If that’s the case, be sure to use different response to the people on the application form. This way, you can show that you have great experience base in each area.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions Why Should We Hire You

    You will possibly have to answer this question while filling the application form. If that’s the case, take a look at the application form before the interview to ensure having the alternate answer and not to contradict you next time. Be sure to cover these elements when it comes to answer the question –

    • Your ambition
    • Suitability of your personal attributes and traits
    • Flexibility, variations and working with others
    • Customer care/helping others

    Sample Answer

    I have always aspired to do something like this. Since I flew as a child on holidays, I have always desired to work in your airline as a cabin crew member. Despite loving my current job, I am passionate about the career which is more exciting, challenging and varied. I believe that my personal qualities would fit for the role as a cabin crew member and I get satisfied to work in a team environment where everyone loves to work towards same goal.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions What Is Your Weakness

    You may say that you don’t think you are weak in any area. In fact, address some areas you think you can improve and choose some areas which are relatively irrelevant or not important. If you have to mention a weakness, these are actually clever ones which are strengths, not weaknesses, such as being too demanding, refusing to leave when you have strong belief on something, trying to do a lot, or being impatient with sloppy work of other people.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions and Answers for IndiGo Airline

    Would You Like to Work in a Team?

    I am used to work in shifts and I love teamwork. I believe that I would fit for the role. I know that I would learn a lot being a cabin crew, not just on places and people, but also skills like first aid and to help others within my limits.

    Have you applied for other Airlines?

    Yes, I am applying for other airlines too. But honestly I want to work for this airline because I always have positive reviews about it and it has professional image. So, I would surely be the part of this great team.

    What’s Your Turn-Off on your Old Job?

    Never say “I didn’t like working environment, or your boss, or your team”. Never use these negative points. Be sure to tell everything was good and you just wanted to bring change in your life for your future.

    Would You Love to Do Repetitive Job?

    Of course yes. I don’t just do repetitive stuff, but also earn and get handsome salary from the company. Next thing is that life is not all about interesting things till we don’t show any interest.

    Do You Have Any Experience to Share with Us Regarding Great Customer Service?

    Around a few years ago, a guest didn’t know what to order as dessert in a restaurant, so I explained each dish to him and helped him to decide between two. I told the chef to bring a small piece of each so he can decide the best one.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions for Jet Airways

    What Skills a Cabin Crew Member Requires?

    A flight attendant should be courteous and smart, with great thinking skills to analyze situations and keep calm in peer pressure. They must be multitasking, and capable to manage the needs of different guests. They must be welcoming, friendly, helpful, confident and eager to assist.  Passengers have to ensure that the crew onboard know what’s next and can fulfill their concerns and needs with friendliness and care. Cabin crew should work in team and cooperate with each other to keep passengers feel satisfied and safe. Flight stewards and stewardesses should have great communication skills, not just to help cooperative passengers, but also to deal with difficult passengers. It is wise to stay cheerful and calm and poised and firm to assure passengers that everything is under control.

    What are Your Strengths?

    Your interviewer should know what to bring to the table as a cabin crew member. To this question, there is nothing wrong or right to answer. You have to be well-spoken, sincere and accurate. If you have problem introducing yourself, it is wise to expect the question in advance and get your answer ready. Here are your personality traits you should have to personalize your answer –

    • Being a good listener and communicator
    • Firm and confident while staying friendly
    • Charming and outgoing and eager to help others
    • Fast learner and independent to work without supervision
    • Fearless, strong leader with great teamwork skills
    • Observant, alert person with attention to detail
    • Great thinker, ready to work under pressure
    • Empathic member in team

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions for Qatar Airways

    Do You Work in Team Better, or Alone?

    Don’t tell the recruiters that it is based on the specific situation. Even though it is true or you are an adaptable person, answer as per the position you’ve applied for. You can show that you are adaptable or bend it a bit, but answer it in different way. The answer will show how much you are able and confident to follow instructions.

    Sample Answer – I would like to work with others with group effort, work towards similar objective or goal, but I enjoy when each teammate share the work with responsibility. Even when it comes to work individually, it is enjoyable and vital to know how your efforts fit in collective work of the group and how we are working as a team.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions for British Airways

    What Are Your Fields of Interest?

    Keep in mind that interviewer is not in the mood of idle chitchat when they ask what you love to do out of your work. They just want to know more about you in person, such as how constructive you are, how well rounded your mind is, and how your personal qualities will help you in performance.

    Why British Airways?

    Be sure to prepare a good answer to showcase how much you have researched about British Airways. Do your homework so well that you can find out specific reasons to work for the company. Here are some of these reasons –

    • Achievements and awards
    • Overall reputation
    • Services/products you like
    • Airline awards
    • Management ethics
    • Market position
    • Growth/success
    • Other airline initiatives

    Who are the Leading Competitors of British Airways?

    This way, interviewer wants to find out how well you have researched about the competitors of the airline, whether you have done your homework, and have anything to share that can work to company’s advantage. You have to do a lot of research about the company to answer this question. In your research, also investigate the competitors you want to interview for.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions for Fly Emirates

    How Would You Face Adverse or Difficult Situations in Daily Life?

    There are different ways to deal with adverse of hard situations well in professional life:

    • Find out how to react
    • Get some break and calm down before doing anything
    • You have to let go to move on from this adverse situation
    • Communicate with a family member, friend etc. Speak up through a blog or journal
    • Stay positive to deal with negative situations
    • Make sure not let this situation to affect anymore
    • Stay motivated
    • Improve yourself if something negative happens

    What’s the Customer Care Policy of Emirates?

    Different airlines have different customer support policies. So, you have to do complete research in advance on customer support policy on airline’s official website you want to apply for.

    Why You Believe that You are Fit for the Job?

    You should keep a concise summary of reasons ready to select you. Even though they don’t ask one of such questions in a lot of words, be sure to keep your answer ready and look for the ways to communicate your reasons throughout the process. Convince them that –

    • Deliver great results and do the job well
    • You will definitely fit well and be the great part of the team
    • You have proven skills and years of experience to stand out

    How would you please an unsatisfied customer?

    You should know the ways to keep unsatisfied customer calm and please them. Here are some of the best ways to do that –

    • Address the customer quickly in public
    • Apologize for your mistake
    • Provide a quick solution
    • Provide a replacement or re-do, with some extra benefits, if possible
    • Some efforts and a simple apology to deal with misunderstanding or to resolve a mistake can go a long way and also do some good between your company and clients.

    Cabin Crew Interview Questions for Cathay Pacific

    Why Did You Choose Cathay Pacific Over Other Airlines?

    Starting career as a cabin crew member is really a great thing if you have great communication skills and if you are a people lover. First of all, you have to answer question in a natural way. Make sure that your answer doesn’t sound that you have rehearsed and build confidence to start interview.

    Sample Answer – I am interested in this job position because I love working in public and I believe that I can face any problem they have with good communication skills. You can also mention all your skills as per the job requirements, such as your computer skills, communication skills, customer service skills, and strengths.

    How Would You Manage Pressure in Professional Environment?

    Employers sometimes ask candidates on how they manage when there is huge pressure on jobs. In airlines, cabin crew members are problem solvers and they have to face certain amount of stress in daily life. In order to work in such airlines, they have to know how to work in pressure. So, you have to provide some examples of your past experiences related to it. Also share the outcomes you have achieved.

    Sample Answer – A client was confused on choosing the best plan for his campaign. I have explained the positives and negatives of the plan and helped him to choose the best one. I don’t respond to pressure but to the situation. I take action according to the situation to avoid negative stress.

    How Long Would You Like to Work for Cathay Pacific?

    This way, you have to show your commitment and be honest to answer to this question. You may answer that I would appreciate if you have a long-term commitment. I want to work with your airline as long as you require. I hope my presence will be beneficial for the airline and customer. If you have any plan to relocate to another city, I would also be ready for that. Plans do change. But you have to ensure that you are honest on what should be expected from you. If you have planned to work for long term, say so.

    Are You Multilingual?

    Since you have to deal with several customers from different countries, you need to learn foreign languages too. If you want to learn a new language or have learnt before, be sure to mention it in your answer. If no, then say so. Be honest to this question to avoid creating an issue in the near future.

    How Would You Measure Your Performance?

    Well, this is quite a simple question. You have to discuss the important performance indicators you are excelled in. You have to showcase your stability for the position. You can measure the performance as set of goals that you can achieve personally in your life. You can measure the performance with self satisfaction. In order to do that, be sure to do these things –

    • Survey your clients on their experience to assess employee performance
    • Establish random quality control methods in airline
    • Compare your skills to the competition
    • Know your weaknesses and strengths

    Tell Me about Your Expected Salary

    You have to be prepared and research your pay to look for the similar positions that are paying in your city before you walk in to the interview. Find the details out before addressing your expectations. You need to provide a range rather than exact figure.


    That’s all about cabin crew interview. It’s over to your now. Practice the answers for the above cabin crew interview questions and perform well in the interview. All the very best for the career. Hope to see you all on board.


    Also see: Syllogism examples

  • McDonalds Job Interview Questions and Answers 2016

    McDonalds is the largest fast food chain in the world, with the staff of up to 1.8 million part-time, seasonal, and full time workers. The company operates up to 34000 franchisee, corporate-owned and affiliate locations across the world. Being the fast food giant, McDonald’s hires new candidates constantly for both professional and entry-level positions. Interested candidates should first prepare to crack the job interview.

    Tips to Answer McDonalds Interview Questions

    Consider the Formats

    McDonalds have different interview formats for different locations and in different categories like regional managers, store managers and district managers. The most common yet oldest format covers 1-on-1 Q&A interview with individual applicant.  When it comes to fill several positions, they may conduct group interview sessions. Almost every restaurant prefers personal interview but some chains may also prefer phone interview to set up in-person meeting. Despite the interview format, it is important for applicants to prepare for the interview to gain confidence and crack the interview.

    Interview Questions Asked By McDonalds

    Despite the size of McDonald’s brand, the company maintains effective yet simple policies for customer service. Interviewers are looking for candidates who can meet their company standards. Generally McDonald’s corporate interview questions include communication skills, personal details, good judgment and accountability. Managers and interviewers may ask why you want to work for them, how you can handle peer pressure, and how to have good relations with customers and fellow workers.

    Duration of Interview

    The time length of McDonald’s interview process varies according to different factors, such as qualities and skills of candidate and number of applicants. The process usually lasts around 1 day or even 2 weeks.

    Cracking Interview is Just the Beginning

    As applicant, you have to note that cracking interview is not the key to get hired. A lot of branches may need you to undergo training programs, skill assessments, background screenings, drug tests, and probationary periods.

    Basic McDonald’s Interview Questions

    Preparing for interview questions asked by McDonalds needs some dedication. If you are scared of the fact that you might miss your rugby practice session on Saturday, this job is not for you. McDonald’s internship interview questions need proper research. You have to investigate the development, training and career progression offered by McDonald’s to know the best answers to McDonalds interview questions. Keep in mind that retail sector is full of competition.

    Most of the candidates are very ambitious and McDonald’s welcome them. But you have to temper that ambition with realism. If you get placement on 20-week training program and work as assistant manager, it is not possible for you to run your own restaurant by 6 months. To start your research in your path and what’s needed to work for McDonald’s, be sure to read the details on employer hub. Not doing homework is the worst mistake you would ever do to prepare for basic McDonald’s interview questions.

    Common McDonalds Interview Questions

    Here is our friend Evan Michael in the following video who explains some of the common McDonald’s interview questions.

    McDonalds Interview Questions for Crew Member

    How Would You Respect to Other Staff?

    It is very important to maintain important personal relationships. Learn to respect their abilities, efforts, quirks and opinions to ensure success and pleasure in your life. Here’s how to show respect to others –

    • Sincerity
    • Gratitude
    • Compliments
    • Respect
    • Assistance

    What is Hospitality According to You?

    It is the quality of treating and receiving strangers or guests in a friendly, warm and generous manner. Be in business setting or in the street, I don’t believe anyone would not be happy with hospitality. Fulfilling the needs of guests, greeting our guests in a friendly way, keeping the things running smoothly, and giving quality services are the important parts of hospitality.

    If a Customer Goes Upset, How would You Handle?

    In this field, holding a disappointed customer is your daily bread. This way, interviewer will find out how smart you are in this situation. Here, you have to serve your customer well to make an angry customer happy. The way how you manage interaction with them can help you resolve the problem or the company may lose the customer. How you treat your customer as important to make angry customer happy.

    Why Do You Want to Work Here?

    Here interviewers expect you to consider this job more than just a source of income. They ask this question to find out whether you are serious about this job or just to spend time and make money.  Show what research you have done about the company before interview and how serious you are to your job. Know the basics of the brand. Consider the well-crafted reputation of the company.

    For Example – It will be an honor to serve at such a reputable and highly acclaimed brand like yours. When I was gathering info about your brand, I found McDonalds is the best platform to improve my skills and contribute to the company’s growth.

    Can You Provide Friendly and Quick Service?

    As a crew member, you are expected to be friendly to your customers, but according to protocols. You should have basic data entry and computer skills. To provide friendly and quick service, it is very important trait.

    Tell me when you’ll be Available

    When, what days and hours you can serve. You need to be honest enough on your availability and add any time limits, if any. All interviewer wants is straightforward, honest answer from the candidate.

    McDonald’s Interview Questions for Restaurant Manager

    What You Expect from this Job?

    They may also ask why you want to work here or why you are interested in this position. Be sure to frame an answer that can explain why you are there and who you are. They may like the fact that you have done research about the company. Your answer includes how you will benefit the organization and what you can contribute. Just be specific to your job role and mention the aspects of position or company that attract you.

    Tell Me about Yourself

    Here you will have to tell everything about your experience and your abilities in customer service. You have to tell how would you meet customer’s needs and solve their problem with good service and product knowledge. You should have positive attitude and enough information for customer service. Be sure to consider aspects like layout, accessibility and hygiene.

    What’s more important to you – Efficiency or Creativity?

    Both qualities are important for a candidate at their places. So, it’s up to you how to manage both. You should have a strategy to clarify what you want to prioritize and what’s more important for the situation given to meet the goals of company.

    For Example – I think maintaining balance between both qualities is important. But efficiency is more important. You can have amazing creativity but if you are not efficient, it causes the waste of resources.

    Tell Me about Your Availability

    They may ask if you are ready to work as a manager during night shifts and weekends. Are you ready for the effects of your working shifts on your social and personal life and commitments? Keep in mind that recruiters want honest and clear cut answer.

    How Long Can You Work in this Company?

    Usually, interviewers ask this question to those applicants who switch their jobs in every 4 to 6 months. They may not like to hire you if they think you might leave after few months. Recruitment process cost a lot of money, time and efforts in the company. So, companies are looking to hire those who want to stay for a year or two. So, it is recommend clearing that you are here to serve for a long time. Plans do change. But you have to be honest on what may be expected from you.

    For Example – Actually, I have been looking for a lucrative job like this. In fact, I was waiting for it. So, I would serve you as long as you need me.

    Where Would You Want to Be after 5 Years?

    This way, interviewer is interested to know about your aspirations and career goals and how that position would work on your plan. They are interested on your career goals as they are looking for someone who is proactive, passionate, motivated, and want to work hard and stick around once hired. You have to showcase your interest on the job position as a great step for you. Show that you are motivated for this opportunity. Preparing for it is a nice exercise to find out what you love doing, what is sensible for you, and what you like to do after five years.

    What’s the Growth Rate of the Company?

     The recruiters may want to know how much you know about the company. Have you’d done your research or looking for just another company. Research on McDonald’s as much as you can.

    For Example – McDonald’s is one of the fastest growing restaurant chains in the world. Over the past couple of years, the company is witnessing around 2.19% of annual growth rate.

    McDonald’s Interview Questions for Cashier

    Why Do You Want the Cashier Position Here?

    It’s like they are asking why you want to work in McDonalds. First of all, you have to take it as an advantage to tell something about your qualifications and professional skills. Be sure that you are sincere about your job and motivated to work when hired.

    For example – I am really surprised to see the significant growth of McDonalds. It is one of the leading retail companies in the world and it has healthy and challenging working environment. So, I want to work as a cashier to be the part of it.

    What Difficulties and Challenges You Expect in this Position?

    Challenges are known to be the important word used by a lot of employers and interviewers. Seeking for challenges proves that you are interested and motivated. So, you have to show your intentions to become an enthusiastic and motivated staff member. You have to answer the question in an upbeat and positive way to position your enthusiasm that interviewer wants in you. You can answer this question as per the challenges based in job roles. If you meet these challenges, it would be the achievements for your job profile.

    Do You Have Past Experience in Service Industry?

    Here you have to tell if you have worked in a restaurant or any retail organization in service industry. You have to tell have worked in this industry to the interviewer. Tell all the bad and good things happened when you were serving in this industry related to you.

    McDonald’s Interview Questions for Customer Care Assistant

    Please Explain Your Responsibilities

    Answer – I am responsible to take orders and ensure that they actually reach the customer. First they will order, I will check the screen where I see what they ordered. I will personally check if they got the meal.  I will make sure we do it in orderly way.

    Please Explain Your Day as a Full Time Employee

    Here you will clock in when you get in there. They will record all this on their PC. Then you will have a cash register and you count the money. You usually ensure that they are tracking the money you are going to make or if someone would steal money. As customers come, you can have screen of series of menu items. You have to click them and make the order and they will get cash out and you have to wait for a while where food will appear. There are some people who may be working. You have to present it well and hand it to the customer and check out.

    Tell Me about Your Experience in Customer Service

    You should have positive attitude, enough information and good service or product knowledge to solve customer’s issues and to meet their needs.  Interviewer wants this ability in a candidate. They may want to know your experience as the first impression should be positive for the customer. You have to consider various aspects like layout, accessibility, hygiene and offer to help.

    For Example – I have experience in offering customer service and staying courteous, along with difficult ones. According to me, providing great customer support should cover positive rapport and ensuring to fulfill these needs and suggesting the ideal alternative.

    What You Love Doing in Your Empty Time? 

    Here, you have to tell what you do outside of work. They may not necessarily want answers related to the job position. You should give personal info that reflects your passion and creativity. Volunteer work or hobbies may do the job well. Some of the common hobbies employers like in you are carpentry, sports, DIY projects and gardening.

    McDonald’s Interview Questions for Trainee Business Manager

    What Interview Questions Does McDonalds Ask?

    1. Tell Me about Yourself
    2. Tell Us Everything You Know about McDonalds
    3. Why Should We Hire You?
    4. What are the Products we have Just Launched in the Market?
    5. What’s Your Philosophy towards Work?
    6. Do you have any suggestion to improve customer experience?
    7. Please tell us something about competitors’ products or services. Do they provide better or worse than us?

    How to Answer McDonalds Interview Questions?

    All the applicants are required to answer few of the situational and common behavioral questions that are intended to check the reactions of candidates to different hypothetical situations when they are hired. The interviewers at McDonalds prefer the candidates who can work in any shifts, sometimes late night ones. For managerial candidates, job interviews are likely to focus more on skills and work responsibilities in past experiences.

    At all levels, candidates have to take important steps in advance to ensure success in the interview, you have to review job requirements and description before interview and prepare for few common questions related to working at McDonalds. Arrive at the venue early and greet the recruiters with friendly handshake. Maintain eye contact to show your interest on the job and stay well enthusiastic in the interview session.

    What to Wear To a McDonalds Interview?

    In most of the cases, McDonalds don’t give a thought to attire of job seekers. But applicants may wear semi-casual formal apparel to the interview if they want to appear professional and confident. For McDonald’s interview, the casual cum formal wear includes trousers or pants, collared or button-down t-shirts for men, and good tops and classy skirts for women. McDonalds have least formal settings to conduct interviews as they are quick service restaurants. So, dress up a little to leave an impression on interviewers before they even start the interview.

    Frequently Asked Interview Questions

    Why Do You Want To Work Here?

    McDonalds is one of the fastest growing quick service restaurants in the world and it has been one of the best places to hangout and to eat, for me since childhood. I have a strong feeling that I can make a great contribution to McDonalds as an employee and gain valuable experience.

    Tell Me Something about You

    Here, you will have to tell about your past experience, your qualification and what you have got with your previous job. You have to explain what you expect and how long you have planned to serve this company.

    Hope these interview tips for McDonald’s helped you. All the best for the interview!

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